Integrated Natural Resource Management

While population grew at a rate of 1.2%, per capita foodgrain availability in India dropped from about 500 gm per day to about 450 gm per day during first ten years of the new millennium. In 2013, the national per capita agriculture land availability stood at 0.12 ha. The stress on natural resources has since continued to grow.

Most of IGS’s operations have been spread out over undulating terrains of Agro-Climatic Zone VII and Zone VIII with some in Zone IX and II. These areas were characterized by low landholdings, marginally above average rainfall for only 60-70 days in a year, 30% land under irrigation, widely varying conditions of soil, slope and water, and high rates of soil erosion in conjunction with poor land and water management leading to frequent spells of drought and seasonal out migration. In these agro-climatic zones, IGS experimented with different approaches and learnt that sustainable livelihoods could be generated from the very meagre resources owned by majority of smallholders (about 80% of the total holding) using the approach of Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM).

 

Background

In its pursuit to ensure sustainability of natural resources, IGS has been working with resettled tribes in Similipal Tiger Reserve (Odisha), and natural reserves under the Satpura range (Madhya Pradesh). Further, IGS has worked to strengthen marketing systems for NTFP including dates, Indian Gooseberry, bamboo, tamarind and medicinal herbs. In Khunti (Jharkhand), IGS has formed water user groups. Going forward, key challenges which INRM would address are strengthening value chain of non timber forest produce, promoting livelihoods of forest dwellers (indigenous communities residing in forest areas as well as those resettled outside forest areas), and rejuvenating natural and economic wealth in fragile eco systems.

Outreach

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