What we do

IGS achieves its mission of, ‘incubating innovations for pro poor sustainable livelihoods’, based on ‘Contingency approach to livelihood promotion’ (Vijay Mahajan and Thomas Dichter; 1989). The model is based on the understanding that promoting livelihoods is a complex process. In any system, five types of resources / factor conditions namely, natural; physical; human, social and financial define the boundaries of livelihood choices which a livelihood promotion agency makes to design its interventions.

So, rather than develop interventions around one or more of these resources, a better approach was to identify the bottleneck in the system at any point of time and develop solutions to resolve that bottleneck. Skills, inputs or markets may be the most deficient. The model argues that though a large variety of services are required, all of them are not required at the same time and in every case. Thus, the offering of a livelihood promotion programme should be contingent upon what is needed in that particular situation. They also asserted that these services could only be offered by organizations specialized in that domain. And, as it is difficult for any one organization to build competencies to address all these factors in-house, a collaborative approach (represented as a ‘Collaborative Polygon’ ) of forging partnerships with players having domain expertise became necessary.

Communities we work with

Small and Marginal Farmers

97,197 households with average landholding less than 1 acre collectivized into 121 Farmer Producer Companies in 14 states.


Tribal Communities

10,722 households covering 25 indigenous tribes in 10 locations provided resettle-ment and rehabilitation support, including access to farm and non-farm livelihoods.


Urban & Semi Urban Poor

About 50,000 households provided financial services through business correspondent model. Pilot solid waste management project reached 40 rag picker families with business, education and health services.

Women Entrepreneurs

1500 women capacitated through entrepreneurship development training in Barmer, Rajasthan.


Nascent Community Based Organizations (CBOs)

About 267 small MFIs / CBOs provided institutional support to the tune of INR 637 million as loans, and operational support to the tune of INR 48.5 million as grant.


Thematic Areas

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